Tugas B.Inggris 1-4

TUGAS BAHASA INGGIS I

MARIA NENZA

14210209

1EA21

1. Simple Past Tense
1.  I  (go /went  / gone / ) to the mall after school.

2. My brother ( seen / saw/  see) a bear an hour ago.

3. (Did /Are /Does ) Mike visit his grandmother last night?
4.  They speak slowly : They spoke slowly.

5.I read a chapter everynight : I read chapter lastnight.

6. These dogs fight whenever they meet : The dogs fought whenever they met.

7.She puts up her prices everyyear : she put up her.

8.He always sleep late : He slept late.

9. I ( studying/ study / studied) English last month.

10. What (do/ did/  were) you eat for lunch yesterday?

Simple Past Tenses, yaitu suatu pekerjaan atau peristiwa yang berlaku pada masa lampau.

Rumus Past Tense:
Positif: S + V2 + O
Negatif: S + did not + V1 + O
Tanya: Did + S + V1

Modal Auxiliaries

Do you know modal?

Modal is auxiliary verb ( kata kerja bantu )

Ok,friends I would like to tell about kind of modals.

Modals :

- Must              =   Harus

- Can , Could   =   Akan

- Will, Would    = Akan

-Shall, Should   = Akan

- May, Might     = Mungkin

- Ought to        =   Seharusnya

POLA MODAL AUXILIARIES :

* ( ? ) MODAL + S + V1

Can she do the test?
Will we go to the hospital?

* ( + ) S + MODAL + V1

She can do the test.
We will go to the hospital

* ( – ) S + MODAL NOT + V1

She can’t do the test.
We will not go to the hospital.

* ( ? ) MODAL + S + V1

Can she do the test?
Will we go to the hospital?


1. Can
a. Expressing an Ability (Mengungkapkan Kemampuan)
Contoh : I can do the test.
b. Expressing a Possibility (Mengungkapkan Kemungkinan)
Contoh : He can be in the class now.
c. Expressing a Permission (Mengungkapkan ijin)
Contoh : You can leave me now.
d. Expressing a Request (Mengukapkan permintaan)
Contoh : Can I leave now?
e. Expressing an Impossibility (Mengungkapkan ketidak mungkinan)
Contoh : The news can’t be true.

2. Should
a. Expressing an advisability (Mengungkapkan saran)
Contoh : We should do something now.
b. Expressing a Future Certainty (Mengukapkan kepastian di masa depan)
Contoh : They should be there tomorrow.

3. Must
a. Expressing a necessity (Mengungkapkan keharusan)
Contoh : You must do everything I say.
b. Expressing a Prohibition (Mengungkapkan larangan)
Contoh : You must not break the school rules.
c. Expressing a Certainty (Mengukapkan kepastian)
Contoh : John must be upset. He failed in the final test.
4. Will
a. Expressing a certainty (Mengungkapkan kepastian)
Contoh : We will come to her party. I promise.
b. Expressing a Willingness (Mengungkapkan Keinginan)
Contoh : There’s a knock on the door. I will open it.
c. Expressing a request (Mengungkapkan permintaan)
Contoh : Will you help me?

5. May
a. Expressing a request (Mengungkapkan permintaan)
Contoh : May I come to your house now?
b. Expressing a permission mengukapkan ijin
Contoh : John may leave the hospital today.
c. Expressing a possibility (Mengungkapkan kemungkinan)
Contoh : Sam is not present. He may be sick.

6. Might
a. Expressing a Possibility (Mengungkapkan Kemungkinan)
Contoh : Tom might be in Jakarta now. I’m not really sure.


7. Have to
a. Expressing a necessity (Mengungkapkan Keharusan)
Contoh : We have to start our work now.
b. Expressing a lack of necessity (Mengungkapkan ketidakharusan)
Cotoh : You dont have to do the job if you dont want to.

8. Could
a. Expressing a past ability (Mengungkapkan kemampuan di masa lampau)
Contoh : When I was in the university, I could play football very well.
b. Expressing a polite request (Mengungkapkan permintaan yang sopan)
Contoh :Could you turn the TV off please?
c. Expressing a suggestion (Mengungkapkan sebuah saran)
Contoh : You could see me anytime to solve your problems.
d. Expressing a possibility (Mengungkapkan sebuah kemungkinan)
Contoh : She could be at home now.
e. Expressing an impossibility (Mengungkapkan sebuah ketidakmungkinan)
Contoh :She couldnt do that. She is a nice girl.

9. Would
a. Expressing a polite request (Mengungkapkan permintaan yang sopan)
Contoh : Would you post this letter for me please?
b. Expressing a preference (Mengungkapkan preferensi)
Contoh : She would rather do the test at home than at school.

10. Shall
a. Expressing a question to make Suggestion (Mengungkapkan sebuah pertanyaan untuk membuat saran)
Contoh : Shall we go now?

Active & Passive voice

Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya.

Contoh :

Active  : I think they’ll invite you to the party

Passive: I think you’ll be invited to the party

Berdasarkan contoh di atas maka passive voice mengikuti pola sebagai berikut:

Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier

1.       We  make butter from milk ( Active )

Butter is made from milk ( Passive)

2.       Somebody cleans these rooms everyday ( Active )

These rooms are cleaned everyday ( Passive )

3.       People never invite me to parties ( Active )

I am never invited to parties  ( Passive )

4.       How do they make butter? (Active)

How is butter made? ( Passive )

5.       He sold his car (Active )

His car sold by him ( Passive )

6.       Father buys a news house  ( Active )

A new house is bought by father ( Passive )

7.      He didn’t sell his motorcycle ( Active)

His car sold by him ( Passive )

8.      She bought some books just now ( Active )

Just now some books were bought by her  ( Passive)

9.      Mr Dicky teaches me English  (Active )

I am taught English by Mr.Dicky ( Passive )

10.    I write a letter  ( Active )A letter is written by me ( Passive)

Question Tags

Question tags adalah pertanyaan singkat yang diikutkan pada akhir sebuah kalimat untuk membuat pertanyaan. Contoh:

Kalimat:- She speaks English.
Pertanyaan:- Does she speak English?
Question Tag:- She speaks English, doesn’t she?

Bentuk

Question tag dibentuk dari sebuah kata kerja bantu dan subjek. Jika kalimat positif, kita biasanya menggunakan tag negatif, contoh:

  • That’s a great song, isn’t it?
  • She’s a lawyer, isn’t she?

Jika kalimat negatif, kita gunakan tag positif. Contoh:

  • You‘re not busy, are you?
  • This way isn’t right, is it?

Kata kerja bantu dan subjek dalam question tag sesuai dengan yang terdapat pada kalimat utama. Hanya bentuk positif dan negatifnya yang berubah. Contoh:

He can play the trumpet, can’t he?

  • You haven’t finished yet, have you?

Pada kalimat diatas subjek diberi warna biru, dan kata kerja bantu warna hijau. Yang mengalami perubahan hanya bagian dari pertanyaan yang positif atau negatif.
Positive Tag: MODAL + SUBJECT ?
Negative Tag: MODAL + NOT + SUBJECT ?

1. She is a nurse, isn’t she?

2. They are doctors, aren’t they?

3. Andi is sick, isn’t he?

4. This car is very expensive, isn’t it?

5. Martha and his sister are beautiful, aren’t they?

6.We met them last night, didn’t we?

7.You can handle it, can’t you?

8.Your sister has a cute cat, doesn’t  she ?

9.The tigers eat meat, don’t they ?

10.I have invited you, haven’t  I?

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